Hover Travel and you will Bee Fly Types Assortment

Bee Kinds Variety

Out-of 2009 to help you 2018, 192 bee types (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was trapped for the Calanques Federal Playground through both online and you may pan pitfall series. It belonged so you can half a dozen families and you will 38 genera. Megachilidae is actually the quintessential kinds-steeped relatives, followed closely by Apidae and you may Halictidae, having 53, 44, and 43 varieties, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 try the brand new wealthiest genus, which have 33 types, while seven genera had been represented from the singular species (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Table step one [on the internet simply] ). Utilising the jackknife step one and you can 2 indexes, the total bee species richness was projected to get ranging from ± nine.89 and you can ± . The new seen richness hence depicted 71.3 so you can 79.6% of one’s projected bee richness ( Dining table dos). This new Chao1 strategy estimated this new noticed richness getting 76.8% of prospective limitation fullness ( Dining table dos). The most abundant kinds try Apis mellifera L. (276 somebody), followed closely by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you can 168 somebody, respectively), and you may Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 people). In the end, 50 variety (26%) was illustrated by only 1 private (singletons).

Ecological Qualities regarding Bees

Concerning your environmental traits from nesting choices, we identified 59 solitary bee varieties nesting significantly more than surface, ninety-five solitary bee species nesting below ground and you will 23 cleptoparasitic kinds, equal to 29.eight, 47.9, and you can 12.0% of the total bee varieties fullness, correspondingly. I detected five personal varieties (bumble bees and you will honey bees-dos.1%). In the long run, the latest nesting choices out-of 14 types https://datingranking.net/datingcom-review/ remain unfamiliar (7.3%- Supp Dining table 1 [on line just] ). About your floral eating plan off bee varieties, we learned that 105 kinds (54.7%) foraged towards the a variety of bush species (we.e., generalist kinds, polylectic) and you can 51 types (26.5%) foraged on a single bush family relations otherwise that/few bush types (i.age., specialist kinds, oligolectic). Towards left thirty six bee kinds (18.8%), the fresh floral diet was not identified (elizabeth.grams., to possess cleptoparasitic kinds). not, very generalist variety shown an inclination for example or several bush families ( Supp Desk step 1 [on the web merely] ). Towards 49 singletons, fourteen bee varieties (28%) was basically specialist, and you can 9 bee species (18%) was in fact cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step one [on the internet simply] ).

An IUCN updates was readily available for 178 types (excluding the new types complexes and you will unidentified varieties). Among those, 47 kinds were categorized given that investigation deficient (DD-twenty-six.4%), 124 variety were the very least concerned (LC-69.6%), half a dozen types was basically near endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), plus one variety try sensed threatened (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Dining table 1 [on the internet merely] ). About three oligolectic species had been one of many 7 threatened bee varieties. A. ovatula and C. albomaculatus are experts towards the Fabaceae, D. argentata try a specialist towards the Caprifoliaceae.

Of 2009 so you can 2018, 38 types of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was stuck during the Calanques Federal Playground. It belonged to help you twenty-four genera ( Supp Desk dos [on the web only] ). The essential numerous genera was basically Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some one), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 some one), and you can Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de- Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville in Latreille, 1828 (thirteen somebody), whereas 20 kinds (53%) had been depicted of the one personal ( Supp Desk 2 [on the web just] ). The latest bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was basically illustrated of the 20 types, also five singletons (25%) ( Supp Dining table 3 [online just] ). The new quote out of overall variety richness out of hover flies and you will bee flies are ranging from 83 and you will 97 variety with the jackknife step one and you will dos spiders, correspondingly. Consequently, the fresh new seen fullness represented 59.8–69.9% of one’s estimated hover travel and you may bee fly richness ( Table 2).